Wildlife Control

Bug Id

The most commonly used methods for controlling nuisance wildlife around homes and gardens include exclusion, habitat modification, baits, glue boards, traps and frightening. Wildlife control involves human risks both from possible injury to person and property, but also from diseases.


Physically excluding an offending animal from the area being damaged or disturbed is often the best and most permanent way to control the problem. Materials needed for exclusion will depend upon the species causing the problem. Small mammals and some birds can be excluded with fairly simple procedures. Exclusion is usually necessary to stop wildlife from continually entering the premises.

Habitat modification:

Modifying an animal's habitat often provides lasting and cost-effective relief from damage caused by nuisance wildlife. Habitat modification is effective because it limits access to one or more of the requirements for life – food, water or shelter. However, habitat modification, while limiting nuisance wildlife, may also limit desirable species such as songbirds as well. Rodent- or bat-proofing buildings by sealing cracks and holes prevents these animals from gaining access to suitable habitats where they are not welcome. Storing seed and pet food in tightly closed containers, controlling weeds and garden debris around homes and buildings, and storing firewood and building supplies on racks or pallets above ground level are also practices that can limit or remove the animals' sources of food, water or shelter.

Glue traps and boards:

Glue traps and boards can be either a lethal or non-lethal method of control. Glue boards can be used to trap small mammals and snakes. Applying vegetable oil will dissolve the glue, allowing for release, but caution must be taken to avoid scratches and bites from the trapped animal.

Live trapping:

Using traps can be very effective in reducing actual population numbers of certain species. However, many species cannot be trapped without a permit. In most cases, homeowners may trap an offending animal within 100 yards of their residence without a permit, however relocation is illegal. Traditional live traps allow for safe release of the trapped animal. The release of the animal to another area is prohibited by Massachusetts state law, Leghold traps may allow for either release or euthanasia of the trapped animal. Traps such as body-gripping traps, scissor and harpoon traps, as well as rat/mouse snap traps, are nearly always lethal. Knowledge of animal behavior, trapping techniques, and baits is essential for a successful trapping program.

Frightening devices:

Devices such as bells, whistles, horns, clappers, sonic emitters, audio tapes and other sound devices may be quite successful in the short term for repelling an animal from an area. Often nuisance animals become accustomed to these tactics, and will return later if exposed to these devices daily.

Give us a call today if you are having a problem with any any wild animal that may be trying to enter your home.